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CML in Children and young Adults

In general, acute leukemias are most prevalent in children and are therefore often referred to as "childhood leukemias". The chronic forms of other leukemias, including chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), are seen almost solely in adults.

CML in children is considered an ultra-rare condition. Incidence is unknown but estimations range around 15 new cases per year in UK and 100 new cases in the USA. It accounts for less than 3% of all childhood leukemias and less than 10% of all CML cases. Incidence is suspected to be higher in developing countries, with The Max Foundation saying to have more than 2,000 pediatric CML patients in their database.