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Effective T315I dose of asciminib

  • Vivian Oehler
  • Vivian Oehler's Avatar Topic Author
1 year 5 months ago - 1 year 5 months ago #1886 by Vivian Oehler
Effective T315I dose of asciminib was created by Vivian Oehler
Question: Is there anecdotal evidence (or data) to support that lower doses of asciminib for patients with T315I mutations in CP CML with CCyR or better maintain or deepen response? What doses have been used?

Case: The patient is a 58 year old physically fit female with T2DM and variant transcript CP CML (undetectable by QPCR). No response to dasatinib and T315I detected.

On ponatinib predominantly dosed at 30 mg daily (thrombocytopenia) FISH declined from 28% to 1.4% over 4 months. After 5 months of therapy she developed acute appendicitis and underwent appendectomy. Ponatinib was stopped immediately. The patient was readmitted for small bowel obstruction and abscesses. This was initially managed conservatively with a percutaneous drain, but there was no resolution of ongoing bowel obstruction and she underwent exploratory laparotomy and ileocecectomy. Final pathology diagnosis from the last surgery revealed a portion of the ileum and colon with acute serositis, subserosal hemorrhage and fibrosis, and minimal mucosal inflammation. No perforation was identified. Because of wound healing issues associated with ponatinib use, ponatinib continued to be held. The patient made a good recovery.

Asciminib was started 7 weeks after stopping ponatinib at 200 mg BID. Response continued to deepen and the patient achieved CCyR by FISH on asciminib. She tolerates asciminib very well and has an excellent quality of life. Her only complaint was intermittent abdominal pain, possibly associated with eating. LFTs and lipase all within normal limits on monitoring. Eight months after starting asciminib therapy, she presented with transaminitis (ALT 1640 and AST 1880), elevated total bilirubin at 1.8 (predominantly direct) and abdominal pain. Lipase was within normal limits and there was no evidence of pancreatitis. Cholelithiasis was seen by abdominal US and CT of the abdomen/pelvis, but no cholecystitis was evident. By US no biliary duct dilatation was seen and it is unclear if gallstones contributed to episode. There were no other CT findings. The pain has resolved and transaminitis is normalizing off therapy. The plan is to restart asciminib at a reduced dose of 80-120 mg BID with very careful follow-up.
Last edit: 1 year 5 months ago by arlene.
  • Tim Hughes
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1 year 5 months ago - 1 year 5 months ago #1887 by Tim Hughes
Replied by Tim Hughes on topic Effective T315I dose of asciminib
Hi Vivian,

Certainly a complicated course! The decision to recommend a dose of 200 mg bid of asciminib for patients with the T315I mutation was not based on a huge amount of data. Fortunately it is usually well tolerated so we don’t have much experience with lowering doses in this setting.

I do have one (equally) challenging patient with T315I who could never tolerate asciminib at 200 mg bid and has spent most of the time on doses of 40 mg or more recently 20 mg bid. He has achieved and maintained an excellent response – sustained MR4.5.

So that is my entire experience with using lower doses of asciminib for T315I but I guess it does suggest that relapse is not inevitable on lower doses. Also I am reassured by the OPTIC data showing that you need a much lower dose of ponatinib to maintain response than you do to achieve response – I suspect this is a general principal, not just applying to ponatinib.

So on that fairly flimsy evidence I would say restarting at a lower dose is a reasonable option at this stage. When you restart I would even consider a dose of 80 mg bid with careful monitoring (woops I forgot you can’t monitor with RQ-PCR – that makes it more challenging). That is because if you get further liver toxicity it may be very difficult to re-expose to asciminib. In that case you may need to look at one of the newer 3rd line TKIs within a clinical trial.
Last edit: 1 year 5 months ago by arlene.
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